AtacamAdventures website(www.atacamadventures.com), which is aware of the importance of garanteeing the users’ personal data during the browsing and acting as data controller of the users’ data, is committed to ensure the strict observation of the rules in force for the privacy protection.
This notice aims to inform the users of the website about the various types of Cookies and the technologies used on the website www.atacamadventures.com, their terms and conditions of use.
1. What are Cookies
Cookies are small text files that the websites visited by the user send to the device (usually to the browser). They are re-saved in the corresponding folder of the browser while the user is trying to visit a website, and then they are re-transmitted to the websites themselves in case of following visits. They are used with the aim of enhancing the browsing (http protocol is stateless and is not able to “remember” the authenticated user browsing the pages), saving preferences of the user that have already been entered (username, password etc), marking the tastes and the preferences of the user allowing to manage the possible presence of marketing initiatives or the provision of services connected to the activity of the data controller such as newsletters, Dem etc. The application of limitations to their use will surely have an effect on the state of the user during the visit. Their block or removal from the cache of the browser might cause an incomplete access to the services offered by the web application.
2. Types of Cookies
Session cookies are temporary cookies, which are limited to “existing” for the duration of the user’s session; when the browser is closed, these cookies are deleted. They are generally used to identify users when they access a site, to remember the user what are his preferences when switching between the pages of the site, to provide them specific information previously collected. The most common example of this feature is the shopping cart functionality of an e-commerce site. For example, when you visit a page of a catalog and select some items, the session cookie remembers the selection so that the items remain selected in a virtual shopping cart when you are ready for the checkout operation. Without session cookies, if the user clicks on checkout, the new page will not be able to recognize past activities on previous pages and the cart would always remain empty.
Persistent cookies remain active even after the browser is closed and help sites remember data and user settings for a following consultation. This allows faster and more convenient access in terms of time since it is not necessary to log in again. In addition to authentication, other website features are made possible and include: language selection, theme selection, menu preferences, bookmarks or favorites, and many more. During the visit, the user selects their preferences and they will be remembered through the use of the persistent cookie during the next visit.
3. Third-Party Cookies
There are various types of cookies, some of them are defined by third parties. They are used, for example, by the site that the visitor has first chosen and which contains advertisements from another server or third-party website.
Operationally, the browser collects information fed from different sources so that all elements are displayed on the same page, thus creating a cookie in the corresponding browser folder. All these cookies can be removed directly from the browser settings or you can block their creation. In the latter case, some services of the site may not work as expected, it may not be possible to access or, in case the Cookie is no longer associated, the user’s preferences may be lost. In this case the information would be displayed in the wrong local form or could not be available.
Web Beacon: also called “tracking pixel”, “gif 1 × 1”, “single pixel gif”, “pixel tag” or “action tag” are graphic images, which generally do not exceed the size of 1 pixel x 1 pixel that are used with the purpose of collecting anonymous information on how a site is used by users and to offer personalized content. They also make it possible to identify the types of browsers, the words entered in search engines by visitors used to reach the site. Web Beacons in the e-mail communications let you know if a user has received, opened or clicked on the links provided with the e-mail received.
Flash cookies or Local shared objects (LSOs): websites can use Flash content, which are displayed on their pages, to store some information on the device.
As with HTTP Cookies, local shared objects can be used by websites to collect information on the paths taken by Internet users regarding navigation between websites. Advertisers can use local shared objects for tracking purposes.
Functional Cookies are used to provide services, remember settings, with the aim of improving the experience of using the website, such as informing the user of the last access made. They are never used for purposes other than those described and are sometimes “strictly necessary” for functionality / services on the site.
Google Analytics is a service offered by Google that generates detailed statistics on website traffic and on traffic sources. It is the most used statistics service. Google Analytics can monitor visitors from all external links to the site, including search engines and social networks, direct visits and reference sites. It also displays advertising, pay-per-click, e-mail marketing and also links within PDF documents.
You can access the information at the address: http://www.google.it/analytics/learn/privacy.html.
Google AdSense is a program managed by Google Inc. that allows advertisers of the Google network to publish advertisements on their website, earning according to the number of exposures of the advertisement or clicks made on them.
You can access the information at the address: https://www.google.com/adsense/localized-terms.
4. Privacy and safety of Cookies
Cookies are not viruses, they are just text files that are neither interpreted by the browser nor executed in memory. Consequently, they cannot duplicate themselves, spread to other networks to be replicated again. Because they cannot perform these functions, they do not fall under the standard definition of a virus. However, cookies can be used for malicious purposes. Since thanks to them information on preferences, the history of a user’s actions, specific navigation between multiple sites are stored, Cookies can be used to act as a form of spyware. Many anti-spyware products are well aware of this problem and routinely report Cookies as possible threats.
Regarding Flash Cookies, Adobe does not directly provide a tool to customize the Flash Player settings related to their management. To access the various adjustments offered, it is instead necessary to access any web page containing the created creativity, right-click it, select the Global settings option and then click on the link General privacy settings panel.
Alternatively, you can visit the page directly:
It is good to remember that if you delete Flash Cookies or if you completely disable their storage, some websites may no longer operate as expected. Flash Cookies can be used, for example, to force a new creation of a traditional HTTP Cookie containing the information it previously hosted.
5. Other threats based on Cookies
Since cookies are transmitted between the browser and the website, an attacker or an unauthorized person could intercept the data transmission and information relating to them. Although relatively rare, this fact can happen if the browser connects to the site using, for example, an unsecured WI-FI network.
Other cookie-based attacks involve server settings. If a website does not require the browser to use only encrypted connections (e.g. https), attackers can exploit this vulnerability to deceive visitors by sending them personal information through insecure channels. The attackers then hijack the personal data for unauthorized processing purposes.
6. Cookies on the website www.atacamadventures.com
The responsible and ethical policy with which www.atacamadventures.com treats aspects relating to Privacy is including clear descriptions of how Cookies are distributed on the site. Most browsers have implemented the privacy setting feature that provides different levels of acceptance of cookies, expiration and deletion after a user has visited a particular site. We intend to be transparent about the conditions and purposes of the use that www.atacamadventures.com makes of Cookies and other technologies.
The website uses technical cookies and third-party cookies to provide you with an even better service.
7. How to disable Cookies by configuring the browser
The user can find content on our pages, usually video clips, which are provided by YouTube. When the user clicks on this part of the page to enjoy the content, YouTube sets the cookies that collect the IP address and the user’s performance:
YouTube link (Google)